Together, the Muslim Mughal rulers and their predominantly Hindu subjects created a golden age in Indian history, full of art, scientific achievement, and stunning architecture. Fatehpur Sikri - Historical place in Agra deemed for Mughal architechture. The Mughal Period of India is, perhaps, its Golden Era. Situated in Delhi, the Lal Qila (Red Fort) is a fort and palace built in 1648, during the Mughal era. Lodi Gardens. All the early Mughal Rulers except Aurangzeb were great bui1ders. The Mughals built magnificent forts, palaces, gates, public buildings including sarais, hamams, mosques, baolis (water tank or well) etc. With the coming of the Mughals, Indian architecture was greatly influenced by Persian styles. In the early phase of the Mughal Empire we can understand the destruction because of looting, and that destruction is part of the consolidation of power. Babar the first Mughal emperor was one of the pioneers of Turkish poetry and also the author of a very valuable autobiography in Turkish BabarNama which was later translated into Persian.Gulbadan Begum sister of Humayun wrote the Humayun Nama.Jahangir the great connoisseur of painting wrote his autobiography the Tuzuk-i- Jahangiri.Aurangzeb also was a prolific writer and the last Mughal emperor … Taj Mahal. Mughal art and architecture, a characteristic Indo-Islamic-Persian style that flourished on the Indian subcontinent during the Mughal empire (1526–1857). 4.5 /5 View 19+ photos. The Mughals were an Islamic empire. This fantastic building was built in 1632 by … The next day, continuing with the theme of visiting Mughal monuments, we ventured out to Old Delhi to see the Red Fort, another UNESCO World Heritage site. His tomb was constructed in 1560 under the supervision of his widow Hamida Banu Beegum. Mughal empire was a great era which has given India a very rich and noble history to be marked with golden words. Tadgell, Christopher. The rule of Mughal Dynasty from the 16 th to 18 th century extensively displays art forms, architectural styles that developed vigorously around that time, portraying the amalgamation of … The Mughal Empire in India was established by Babur. Mughal Empire Books Showing 1-24 of 25 The Twentieth Wife (Taj Mahal Trilogy, #1) by. The Lodi Gardens is one of Delhi’s very popular tourist attractions. Name the two magnificent buildings within the Red Fort. The period saw the production of a dictionary of Persian-Sanskrit, named Parsi Parkash’. To build boats and; To recruit skilled seamen. The Mughal Empire at its zenith commanded resources unprecedented in Indian history and covered almost the entire subcontinent. London: Viking, 1989. The Mughal buildings show a uniform pattern both in structure and character. Lead the Competition provides well-researched information on important monuments built during Mughal Rule in India and also some important books of Mughal period. Mughal architecture first developed and flourished during the reign of Akbar the Great (1556–1605), where it was known for its extensive use of red sandstone as a building material. The Taj Mahal is an epitome of eternal love. Some of these commentaries possess independent literary value. But the claim of the liberals that the Mughals became Indians falls flat when we see that the destruction of monuments and cities throughout the later Mughal period … With monuments … The Penguin guide to the monuments of India, Vol II. Built by – … A Mughal Royal Residence. Read about some of the best creations here. Humayun's Tomb. The poets of the Mughal period writing in Persain paid more attention to their familiar theme, which, in most cases was love. Agra Fort. This empire is responsible for spreading Muslim art, faith, and culture. Answer: The Agra Fort and Humayun’s Tomb. Year of construction – 11th century originally, by Akbar in 1573 in present form. Monuments in Ahmedabad, like the palace in Shahibaug, Azam Khan's sarai, Sujat Khan's mosque, and the tomb of Nawab Sardar Khan are among the major monuments representing Mughal architecture in Gujarat. Many author of Persian Literature in India produced a commentary of the Quran. The Mughal Empire, 1526–1761 The significance of Mughal rule. Agra Fort is said to be a “walled city”. Humayun’s tomb was constructed in the year 1569 AD by his widow Hamida Banu Begum, 14 years after his death. The Mughal architecture has contributed to the Indian culture heavily. Davies, Philip. By the end of 19 the century, mughals saw their decline. The Mughal style of architecture took a concrete form during the reign of Akbar, yet the basic principles of Mughal architecture were provided by Babur and Humayun. This heritage monument was the first to have established the distinct Mughal architecture style in India. Later in the Mughal period, however, the emperors faced increasing encroachment by the French and the British, which ended with the fall of the Mughal Empire in 1857. The Mughals constructed excellent mausoleums, mosques, forts, gardens and cities. Name any two monuments that help to reconstruct the history of the Mughals. The Mughal Empire ruled throughout present-day India and Pakistan during the 16th and 17th centuries and descended from the Mongol empire of Turkestan in the 15th century. However, the rulers tolerated other religions and most did not force conversions. Abul Fazl write of ‘Admiratly Department’ whose functions were. He died in 1556. Writing about it, historian Catherine B Asher said that the mausoleum complex does not ‘simply imitate earlier buildings or ornamentation, and their refinement suggests a … Shalimar Gardens, Lahore. Majestic Agra Fort – Agra. With a firm foundation for its administration, the Mughals were able to establish a solid economy and flourishing trade. Well protected under Archeological Survey of India, these monuments tell the tales of the past; portraying the period of rich art and architecture. Question 4. Question 5. There were plenty of reasons for the decline of Mughal empire. The Mughals had ruled India from 1526 AD to 1712 AD. A … Malik Muhammad Jayasi wrote the famous Padmavat’. The Mughal rulers themselves were extraordinary patrons of art, whose intellectual calibre and cultural outlook was expressed in the most refined taste. The enormous, octagonal-shaped fort is a mini-city, protected by a moat and thick, red sandstone walls with turrets, bastions and ramparts. The History of Architecture in India. Humayun’s Tomb, the sandstone mausoleum of Akbar’s father, was built during this period of Mughal architecture. Gujarat remained a peaceful province of the Mughal empire for the next 187 years. There are many historical monuments in West Bengal built during those times. From the local kings to Mughal rule and British rule, Bengal has seen it all. Lal Qila as it is known by the locals, this royal residence was built by Emperor … It is magnificent and well built, on … Humyun was the 2nd king of Mughal dynasty. Mughal architecture reached its zenith during the reign of Shah Jahan, who constructed the Jama Masjid, the Red Fort, the Shalimar Gardens in Lahore, and the most famous Mughal monument, the Taj Mahal, as well as many other fine examples of the style. The beautiful Shalimar Gardens are just 5 minutes away from the Lahore … Humayun, the second Mughal king in India has an impressive monument built in his name in sprawling gardens in Delhi. Jahangir himself wrote his autobiography ‘Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri’. London: Phaidon Press, 1990. Guru Granth Sahib’, the most sacred book of the Sikhs was compiled during this period. Sources. The Mughal emperors, particularly Shah Jahan, were connoisseurs of art and architecture that manifested into several grand and imposing monuments, palaces, forts, Masjids and tombs among others built during their era including the world famous ivory white marble mausoleum, the Taj Mahal.